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Is the baby conscious?

Updated: May 29, 2022

Studying the "Study of Consciousness" (Stanislas Duanne) can further deepen your understanding of coaching theory.

I am studying to add a unique flavour to "unconscious rewriting".


This series of blog posts are my study notes. This time, the theme that follows the unconscious and conscious

I will write a "sign of consciousness".


 

When will the child become conscious?

Is the baby conscious?


There is no doubt that some brain tissue formation is required before consciousness is born.


Stanislas Duanne and his wife used fMRI to observe activity in the brain while the baby was listening to his native language.


I wrapped my two-month-old baby in a comfortable mattress, put on big headphones to avoid hearing the machine's noise, listened to the baby's words quietly, and took snapshots of brain activity every three seconds.

Large-scale activation was seen in the primary auditory cortex. Also, the brain activates the entire network of cortical areas.

This activity was found neatly along the same linguistic area as the adult brain.


At two months, they found that they sent spoken language input to the temporal. And they sent parietal lobe language areas of the left hemisphere and stimuli such as Mozart's music to other areas of the right hemisphere.





Even Broca's area, located in the lower left of the prefrontal cortex, was activated by verbal input.

This area is already mature enough to be activated, even in two-month-old babies. They later found it to be the earliest mature and strongly connected region of the infant's prefrontal cortex.

When will the child become conscious?

Is the baby conscious?


These issues have been fought for decades between those who defend the sacredness of human life and rationalists.


"The newborn is neither human nor quasi-human, and its destruction is by no means an essential mistake," says Michael Touri, a philosopher at the University of Colorado.

In addition, "infanticide is morally justified, at least up to three months after birth."

Newborns "do not have the concept of a lasting self, like newborn kittens."

He claims that he "does not have the right to live."


Peter Singer, a professor at Princeton University in ethics, reiterated this ruthless message, claiming that "in a moral sense, life is born if one is aware of one's existence over time." increase.

Neither Tourie nor the singer provides any evidence to support their confident statement.


The fact that an entity is human because it is part of the species Homo sapiens is not a criterion in determining the moral error of killing it.

The difference should be in characteristics such as reason, independence, and self-consciousness.


Infants do not have these characteristics.

Therefore, killing babies must be ridiculous to the general public.


It goes against the moral intuition that any person, from Nobel laureates to children with disabilities, has the right to a good life.



I directly conflict with my opinion, which has studied consciousness and unconsciousness in this blog.


Ask your mother, who has made eye contact with your newborn and has exchanged meaningless words, and you'll get the obvious answer.


How can they say that the baby hasn't experienced anything?

Their views do not have a solid scientific foundation.

Their statement is merely branding and not experimental.


Based on the experimental evidence of Mr and Mrs Duanne, it is clearly stated that they are wrong.


Singer said, "In many respects, patients (in a coma and vegetative state) are not much different from infants with disabilities. They have no self-consciousness, reason, or independence. (...) Essential to their lives. It's not worth it. Their lives are already over. "


This idea is entirely wrong, as I've written in this blog post.

Experiments with brain images showed that some adult vegetative patients remained conscious in the first place.


Although the baby's mind has not yet been fully elucidated, observations of behaviour towards the baby, brain structure, and brain imaging provide much information about the state of consciousness.


Since they can verify the signature of consciousness for adults, it is possible to explore the existence of the sign of consciousness even for infants of various ages.


This analogical strategy is not perfect.

However, the research team at Stanislas Duanne believes that at some point in the development of the child, the same objective marker that points to the subjective experience of an adult can be found.


If found, it can conclude that the child has a subjective perspective on the outside world at that age.

Signs of consciousness may change with age.


Workspaces that function as an integrated system in adults are composed of multiple fragmented parts, each of which may develop at its own pace in early childhood.

That said, experimental methods are still a powerful way to get to the point of view of objective facts.


Infants' immature cortex lacks an insulating myelin sheath or is filled with neurons characterized by thin axons and small dendrites, so the heart is not working at birth, 20th-century paediatrician Many doctors were thinking.


Only a tiny section of the visual, auditory, and motor cortex was mature enough to provide the baby's basic sensory and reflex abilities.



Generally thinking that the higher thought centres in the infant's prefrontal cortex remained silent at least one year after birth and until they began to go through maturity.


It was clear that the newborn was not in pain for many paediatricians.


So why anaesthetize?

Because of this belief, it has become commonplace to ignore the possibility of an infant being conscious, even when injecting or performing surgery.



Recent advances in behavioural testing and brain imaging deny this view.


The big mistake is that immaturity is confused with dysfunction. Even in the womb, the fetal cortex develops around six and a half months of gestation.

In newborns, the distant cortex is firmly connected by long-distance nerve fibres.


Neural connections between distant cortices process information and, from birth, promote the self-organization of spontaneous neuronal activity into functional networks.


Infants are strongly attracted to words. So you may have been learning the language since you were in the womb.

Even newborns can distinguish between their native and foreign languages.


Since language acquisition occurs so quickly, prominent scientists from Darwin to Chomsky and Pinker have assumed the existence of a particular organization that specializes in language learning and is a "language acquisition device" that only humans have. Rice field.

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