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There are many criticisms of Freud.

Updated: May 29, 2022

(Cognitive science) In coaching, rewriting the unconscious is a powerful means of achieving the goal.

By studying "Study of Consciousness", I would like to think about my method and the coaching theory, such as unconscious rewriting.

This series of blog posts is my study note.


It is generally said that Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) discovered that most of the process of the mind was carried out unnoticed by the person. However, Freud seems to have been a myth created in this story.

Historian and philosopher Marcel Gauchet point out:

"In the pre-psychoanalytic era, Freud argues that they think the mind consistently equate with consciousness, but this statement must be said to be strictly wrong."

He can easily fool an amateur like me, but Freud's books and the like haven't been read yet, so he was saved.

I remember hearing him at some point, but Dr Tomabechi said, "Freud wasn't good at hypnosis."

In ancient Roman times, the medical scientist Galen (c. 129-200) and the philosopher Plotinus (c. 204-270) had some physical activity, such as walking and breathing, without attention.

Their medical knowledge is inherited from Hippocrates (around BC460-BC377).

Hippocrates has written a book on epilepsy entitled "Sacred Illness", which states that the body suddenly moves incorrectly against the owner's will.

Pleasure, joy, laughter, annoyance, and even sadness, pain, grief, and sorrow come from the brain.

So you need to be well aware.

The brain distinguishes between thinking, seeing and hearing beauty and ugliness, good and evil, and pleasure and discomfort.

In the dark ages following the fall of the Roman Empire, Indian and Arab scholars inherit ancient wisdom about medicine.

  • Centuries before Freud,

  • Augustine (354-430)

  • Thomas Aquinas (1235-74)

  • Descartes (1596-1650)

  • Spinoza (1632-77)

  • Leibniz (1646-1716)

Many philosophers argued that human behaviour is driven by mechanisms beyond introspection, from perceptual motility reflexes to unaware motives and hidden desires.


  • Infant's desire for milk,

  • Revenge,

  • The desire of heavy drinkers for alcohol,

  • Endless talk, etc.

  • It mentions several unconscious impulses.

  • It's the age of philosophers.

From the eighteenth century to the nineteenth century, neuroscientists discovered one after another evidence of the ubiquity of unconscious neural circuits.

Marshall Hall (1790-1854) proposes the concept of a "reflex arc" that connects a particular sensory input to individual motor output, with no control over the basic movements that originate in the spinal cord. I emphasized that.

John Hughlings Jackson (1835-1911). About the hierarchical tissue of the nervous system, from the brainstem to the cortex, from autonomous to more spontaneous and conscious actions

  • Théodule-Ribaud (1839-1916) Practical knowledge accumulated in behavioural memory

  • Gabriel Tarde (1843-1904) Unconscious imitation

  • Pierre Janet (1859-1947) The subconscious goal that was formed in early childhood and formed the core of personality

In 1899, Sigmund Exner, a neurologist who was a colleague of Freud in Vienna,

He says, "I should say" think it inside me "and" feel it inside me "instead of," I think "and" I feel "."

This word was published about 20 years before Freud's book "The Ego, and the S" was published in 1923.

Experimental psychology was born in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Although new experimental methods such as collecting systematic data on accurate reaction times and errors have been actively used,

Freud presented a model of the mind without serious verification.

Vladimir Nabokov, world-famous for his novel Lolita, told Freud

"Let the deceived and vulgar people believe that he can solve all the troubles of the heart by applying ancient Greek mythology to their secrets every day. I have no interest in it. "

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