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Problems with "consciousness" have been shelved for a long time.

Updated: May 29, 2022

I refer to "Consciousness and Brain: How Thoughts are Coded" (Stanislas Duanne, by Hiroshi Takahashi).


When I was a kid, I had the same questions written in this book.

I was scared when thinking about it, so I spent a night that I couldn't sleep easily.

  • How am I thinking?

  • What exactly is this "I" who seems to be thinking?

  • Why are you here now?

  • What would I have been if I was born in a different time and place?

  • Where do I go when I'm sleeping and dreaming or after I die?

  • Where do these questions come from? Will it come out of my heart?

  • Is the soul the same as the mind? Is it different?

  • These problems also seem to have plagued many pioneers.

Montaigne, in 1580, in his famous memoirs

He laments, "He couldn't find consistency in past books about the essence of the soul."

There was no match between the soul's true nature and where it was in the body.

He thought Hippocrates and Herophilos were in the ventricles.

Democritus and Aristotle thought they were all over the body,

I thought Epicurus was in my stomach

  • Stoics thought it was inside and around the heart

  • Empedocles thought it was in the blood

  • Strat thought that there was a soul between his eyebrows

  • Galen believed that each part of the body contained its soul.

The author of this book, Duanne himself, has had this experience.

In fact, "consciousness" was banished. In the 1980s, when I was a student, I was surprised at a laboratory meeting when They told me that I shouldn't use the word "consciousness." The use of this term is taboo. Even though we were studying consciousness anyway when letting subjects classify what they saw or have a mental image in the dark. It was.

Everything changed in the late 1980s.

Today, the elucidation of consciousness is at the forefront of neuroscience research and has evolved into an active field with its academic societies and journals.

"We are now ready to tackle the problems raised by Descartes.

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